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Trump Impeachment Goes to Senate       01/26 08:11

   House Democrats delivered the impeachment case against Donald Trump to the 
Senate for the start of his historic trial, but Republican senators were easing 
off their criticism of the former president and shunning calls to convict him 
over the deadly siege at the U.S. Capitol.

   WASHINGTON (AP) -- House Democrats delivered the impeachment case against 
Donald Trump to the Senate for the start of his historic trial, but Republican 
senators were easing off their criticism of the former president and shunning 
calls to convict him over the deadly siege at the U.S. Capitol.

   It's an early sign of Trump's enduring sway over the party.

   The nine House prosecutors carried the sole impeachment charge of 
"incitement of insurrection" across the Capitol on Monday night in a solemn and 
ceremonial march to the Senate along the same halls the rioters ransacked just 
weeks ago. In a scene reminiscent of just a year ago --- Trump is the first 
president twice impeached --- the lead House prosecutor, Rep. Jamie Raskin of 
Maryland, stood before the Senate to read the House resolution charging "high 
crimes and misdemeanors."

   But Republican denunciations of Trump have cooled since the Jan. 6 riot. 
Instead Republicans are presenting a tangle of legal arguments against the 
legitimacy of the trial and questioning whether Trump's repeated demands to 
overturn Joe Biden's election really amounted to incitement.

   What seemed for some Democrats like an open-and-shut case that played out 
for the world on live television, as Trump encouraged a rally mob to "fight 
like hell" for his presidency, is running into a Republican Party that feels 
very differently. Not only are there legal concerns, but senators are wary of 
crossing the former president and his legions of followers --- who are their 
voters. Security remains tight at the Capitol.

   Sen. John Cornyn, R-Texas, asked if Congress starts holding impeachment 
trials of former officials, what's next: "Could we go back and try President 

   Besides, he suggested, Trump has already been held to account. "One way in 
our system you get punished is losing an election."

   Arguments in the Senate trial will begin the week of Feb. 8, and the case 
against Trump, the first former president to face impeachment trial, will test 
a political party still sorting itself out for the post-Trump era. Republican 
senators are balancing the demands of deep-pocketed donors who are distancing 
themselves from Trump and voters who demand loyalty to him. One Republican, 
Sen. Rob Portman of Ohio, announced Monday he would not seek reelection in 
2022, citing the polarized political atmosphere.

   For Democrats the tone, tenor and length of the upcoming trial, so early in 
Biden's presidency, poses its own challenge, forcing them to strike a balance 
between their vow to hold Trump accountable and their eagerness to deliver on 
the new administration's priorities following their sweep of control of the 
House, Senate and White House.

   Biden himself told CNN late Monday that the impeachment trial "has to 
happen." While acknowledging the effect it could have on his agenda, he said 
there would be "a worse effect if it didn't happen." He said he didn't think 
enough Republican senators would vote to convict, though he said the outcome 
might have been different if Trump had six months left in his term.

   Chief Justice John Roberts is not expected to preside at the trial, as he 
did during Trump's first impeachment, potentially affecting the gravitas of the 
proceedings. The shift is said to be in keeping with protocol because Trump is 
no longer in office.

   Instead, Sen. Patrick Leahy, D- Vt., who serves in the largely ceremonial 
role of Senate president pro tempore, is set to preside.

   Leaders in both parties agreed to a short delay in the proceedings that 
serves their political and practical interests, even as National Guard troops 
remain at the Capitol amid security threats on lawmakers ahead of the trial.

   The start date gives Trump's new legal team time to prepare its case, while 
also providing more than a month's distance from the passions of the bloody 
riot. For the Democratic-led Senate, the intervening weeks provide prime time 
to confirm some of Biden's key Cabinet nominees.

   An early vote to dismiss the trial probably would not succeed, given that 
Democrats now control the Senate. The House approved the charge against Trump 
on Jan. 13, with 10 Republicans joining the Democrats.

   Mounting Republican opposition to the proceedings indicates that many GOP 
senators will eventually vote to acquit Trump. Democrats would need the support 
of 17 Republicans --- a high bar --- to convict him.

   Rand Paul of Kentucky said that without the chief justice presiding the 
proceedings are a "sham." Joni Ernst of Iowa said that while Trump "exhibited 
poor leadership," it's those who assaulted the Capitol who "bear the 
responsibility." New Sen. Tommy Tuberville of Alabama said Trump is one of the 
reasons he is in the Senate, so "I'm proud to do everything I can for him."

   Sen. Tom Cotton, R-Ark., is among those who say the Senate does not have the 
constitutional authority to convict a former president.

   Democrats reject that argument, pointing to an 1876 impeachment of a 
secretary of war who had already resigned and to opinions by many legal 
scholars. Democrats also say that a reckoning of the first invasion of the 
Capitol since the War of 1812, perpetrated by rioters egged on by a president 
as Electoral College votes were being tallied, is necessary.

   Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer said failing to conduct the trial would 
amount to a "get-out-jail-free card" for others accused of wrongdoing on their 
way out the door. He said there's only one question "senators of both parties 
will have to answer before God and their own conscience: Is former President 
Trump guilty of inciting an insurrection against the United States?"

   A few GOP senators have agreed with Democrats, though not close to the 
number that will be needed to convict Trump.

   Mitt Romney of Utah said he believes "what is being alleged and what we saw, 
which is incitement to insurrection, is an impeachable offense. ... If not, 
what is?" Romney was the only Republican senator to vote for conviction when 
the Senate acquitted Trump in his first impeachment trial.

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