Opponents Sue as Asylum Rules Start 07/17 06:16
Hundreds of immigrants showed up at border crossings Tuesday in hopes of
getting into the U.S. but faced the likelihood of being turned away under a new
Trump administration asylum rule that upends long-standing protections for
people fleeing violence and oppression in their homelands.
TIJUANA, Mexico (AP) -- Hundreds of immigrants showed up at border crossings
Tuesday in hopes of getting into the U.S. but faced the likelihood of being
turned away under a new Trump administration asylum rule that upends
long-standing protections for people fleeing violence and oppression in their
The policy went into effect Tuesday but drew two swift lawsuits from
immigrant advocacy groups in federal courts, one in San Francisco and one in
"This is the Trump administration's most extreme run at an asylum ban yet,"
said Lee Gelernt of the American Civil Liberties Union, an attorney on the San
Francisco lawsuit. "It clearly violates domestic and international law and
The policy represents the most forceful attempt to date by President Donald
Trump to slash the number of people seeking asylum in America. It comes at a
time when Trump's recent tweets telling four members of Congress to "go back"
to other countries have set off an uproar.
Trump did not mention the new practices Tuesday during a White House meeting.
Under the rules, migrants who pass through another country on their way to
the U.S. will be ineligible for asylum. Most of the immigrants arriving at the
border this year pass through Mexico --- including Central Americans, Africans,
Cubans and Haitians. That makes it all but impossible for them to get asylum.
The rule also applies to children who have crossed the border alone.
At the crossing in Tijuana, 12 people whose numbers were first on a waiting
list to enter through a San Diego border crossing were escorted behind a metal
gate to a white van that left minutes later to turn them over to U.S.
Ndifor Gedeon, 27, arrived in Tijuana nearly three months ago with the hope
of seeking asylum in the U.S. after being jailed in Cameroon by a government
that has been going after the African nation's English-speaking minority.
He was rethinking those plans after hearing that he may not have a chance at
getting asylum because of the new policy and if his case is denied he will be
deported straight back to Cameroon.
"I feel sick," he said of the anxiety consuming him. "If I am sent back to
Cameroon, I'd lose my life. The situation is very horrible."
He speaks no Spanish and does not feel safe in Tijuana, which has one of the
highest homicide rates in Mexico. Even so, he prefers Tijuana to returning to
Trump has long complained that immigrants are taking advantage of the
nation's asylum system to get into the country, and his administration has
taken several steps to limit their options.
Many of the measures have been rejected by the courts, but one notable
exception is a policy that requires certain asylum seekers to wait in Mexico
while their immigration court cases get resolved. About 20,000 have been sent
back to Mexico, and thousands more are on wait lists just to get to the front
of the line to get an asylum interview.
Asylum seekers must also pass an initial screening called a "credible fear"
interview, a hurdle that a vast majority clear. Under the new policy, they
would fail the test unless they sought asylum in at least one country they
traveled through and were denied. They would be placed in fast-track
deportation proceedings and flown to their home countries at U.S. expense.
Despite the policies, record numbers of immigrant families have been
crossing the border this year, overwhelming border facilities and authorities.
Five immigrant children have died since late last year after being detained by
the government, and children have been found in squalid and overcrowded border
The crisis has only served to intensify immigration as a campaign issue as
Trump looks to rally his base like he did in 2016 with his vow to build a wall
on the border.
At a crossing in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, 10 Cuban asylum seekers were called
by Mexican officials and led across the Paso Del Norte Bridge to El Paso, where
they were handed over to Customs and Border Protection officers. They were
taken to a room where their possessions were searched, laid out on a table and
The immigrants will still go through the normal first steps of requesting
asylum, but will face a dramatically higher bar to be allowed in the country.
Lawyers who represent Cuban migrants say that they are not deportable
because Cuba will not accept them.
"I'd rather be in prison the rest of my life than go back to Cuba," said
Dileber Urrista Sanchez, who had hoped his number would be called Tuesday, but
he was further down the list.
Sanchez, 35, has waited with his wife in Juarez for the past two months,
renting a room with money his mother sends him from Las Vegas.
He said his mother left Cuba years ago because she was part of an opposition
party. In retaliation, he said, the government took away his job as a
chauffeur, and he and his wife had been imprisoned for days at a time for being
He criticized the Trump administration's new policy, pointing out that the
first country he was able to reach after leaving Cuba was Nicaragua.
"How are we going to apply for asylum in Nicaragua when it's just as
communist?" he said.
Derek Mbi of Cameroon was among nearly 50 migrants who gathered in Tijuana.
He arrived there about a month ago, and more than 8,100 people were ahead of
him on the waiting list.
Processing new arrivals has ground to a virtual halt in recent days, down
from an average of about 40 names a day.
Mbi, 29, joined a wave of Cameroonians who fled fierce government oppression
against their country's English-speaking minority by flying to Ecuador, which
does not require a visa. From there, he traveled for months by bus and on foot
through seven other countries to reach Tijuana.
Mbi learned about the new policy but mistakenly believed that it applied
only to Central and South Americans. He hopes to settle with a friend in Texas.
For now, he is sharing a one-bedroom apartment with 13 Cameroonians in
Tijuana and scraping by with odd jobs, like peeling tomatoes at open-air
markets. He said many companies refused to hire him because his short-term
transit permit in Mexico does not allow him to work.